Expert: Gains for small firms from tax, fee cuts

2021-01-29 12:04:03

China is expected to continue its tax and fee cuts this year. [Photo/China Daily] China is expected to continue its tax and fee cuts this year as part of the ongoing efforts to provide more support for small businesses, stabilize employment and spur innovation, a leading public finance expert said. "It is certain that the country will continue the tax and fee cut policy this year," said Bai Jingming, former vice-president of the Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences, a think tank under the Ministry of Finance. The nation is expected to maintain the stability and continuity of its tax and fee cut policy, Bai told China Daily earlier this week, adding that a final decision would be made based on the actual changes in the COVID-19 situation and economic conditions. China is estimated to have cut more than 2.5 trillion yuan ($387 billion) in taxes and fees last year, equivalent to about 2.5 percent of its annual GDP and up from 2.36 trillion yuan in 2019, officials said. The Chinese economy still needs tax cuts to buffer downward pressure, given that the global recovery remains vulnerable to COVID-19 uncertainties, Bai said. Meanwhile, the reforms on value-added tax and personal income tax, initiated in recent years, will continue to cut tax burden this year. His words came amid heated discussions over how the Chinese government will set its 2021 tax reduction target as it had to balance the need of normalizing its macro policy to prevent risks with the need to extend support to businesses still facing hardship. "The tax and fee cut policy should keep its focus on vitalizing market entities, especially medium, small and micro-sized enterprises," Bai said, citing that smaller businesses benefit more from tax cuts and contribute more to stabilizing employment and spurring innovation. Compared with increasing government spending, tax cuts will be more effective in boosting high-quality economic development as they enable market entities to make spending decisions and thus leverage the advantage in achieving efficient resource allocation, Bai said.